Landscape Libournais region
Saint-Émilion village
Landscape Côtes de Castillon region
Landscape AOC Margaux region
Landscape Entre-Deux-Mers
Landscape Entre-Deux-Mers
Côteaux Entre-Deux-Mers
Château AOC Côtes de Francs
Château AOC Pessac-Léognan
Wine dictionary
SeeK another letter :
Acescent : production of an excessive number of acetic acid bacteria (vinegar) which gives a sour wine (vinegar smell and taste)

Acide (Acid, acetic) : indicates liveliness and youth; one of the wine tasting elements

Acidulé (slightly acid) : almost unpleasant but still acceptable in a wine meant to be drunk young

Agressif (harsh) : describes a wine that is too high in alcohol, too acid or too tannic

Aigre (sour) : the wine smells of vinegar, as it contains too much acetic acid

Aire d’appellation (appellation area) : designated boundaries within which the vineyards must grow to deserve the local appellation

Alcool (alcohol) : the base of wine, produced by the fermentation of grape juices. Ethyl alcohol is the most important of the various alcohols that make the wine. It is measured in "degrés" or percentage per volume. It brings warmth and balances the acidity on the palate.

Alcooleux : describes wines with an excessive percentage of alcohol

Amer (bitter) : one of the four tastes detected in the mouth (together with sweet, sour and salted). When noticeable, it is due to rough or excessive tannins.

Ampélographie (ampelography) : description, identification and classification of the vine varieties

Ample (rich) : describes a harmonious wine, with a lingering aftertaste

Amylique (amylic) : harsh acid taste with flavours of varnish, banana and peardrops, due to an excess of amylic alcohol. It is usually caused by vinification carried out at too low a temperature

Animal : range of animal smells, game, musk, leather. It used to be sought after in old red wines, but now it is often found to be a flaw

A.O.C. : Appellation d’Origine Contrôlée. It guarantees the origin authenticity of a top quality product, with specifications linked to the geographical area. Other criteria are production conditions, analysis and wine tasting. It is granted by INAO (Institut National des Appellations d’Origine Contrôlée)

Apre (bitter) : wine with an excess of tannins

Apyrène : an adjective describing a variety of seedless grapes

Aqueux (watery) : wine that is not concentrated, too much rain before or during harvesting.

Aranéeux (hairy) : for example the underside of a limb when it is covered with cobweb-like hairs

Aromatique (aromatic) : wines from grape varieties with a strong natural aroma.

Arôme (aroma) : this word should be used only to describe retro olfaction (the aromas reach the olfactory bulb through the palate). In fact it is used for all smells. Also the smell of grapes before they begin the process of ageing

Assemblage (blending) : the blending of several juices or wines with the same origin in order to obtain a certain result. Do not confuse with "coupage" (see below). Bordeaux wines are obtained from several grape varieties harvested and treated separately, then blended to reach the required harmony and balance

Astringence (astringency) : a bitterness left in the mouth by a tannic wine

Astringent (astringent) : a feature that has the effect of drying out the mouth, it is due to high tannin content

Austère (austere) : restrained fruit aroma, rather acid or tannic. Typical of young wines.
If you do not find the word you want in this glossary, you can request a reply. We shall be delighted to reply and complete the list.